Approach to Smart Transportation & Study of Intelligent Transport System in Ireland - Dissertation Example This study looks into Intelligent Transport System, also referred to as ITS, as the inclusion of modern computers and new technologies in transportation. It deploys computer applications, electronic chips, sensors, controllers in transportation to facilitate more efficient, secure and efficient supervision of public roads and public conveyance systems. It is a smart approach to manage road networks. The benefits include improved road safety, mobility, information, productivity and air quality. â€œIt is also known as telematics, Information Communications Technology (ICT) in transport, e-transport and Information Society Technologyâ€. The advantage includes: â€¢ Improved road safety â€¢ Mobility â€¢ Information â€¢ Productivity and air quality The use of ITS are categorized in three parts: 1. Use by the Traveler â€“ electronic tickets , payment for parking vehicle or payment for road usage, â€smart card driver licenseâ€, â€driver card for digital tachnographâ€. 2. Use by Vehicles â€“ some vehicle consist of collision avoiding system, system for managing speed, judging the location of the vehicle, judgment of assets. 3. Use by Road â€“ monitoring of traffic, providing information, regulation of rules with the help of â€œVariable Message Signs (VMS)â€,â€inductive loopsâ€, â€microwave detectorsâ€, â€œANPRâ€,â€DSRCâ€ etc. ITS collects the data from all the sensors and stores it to a centralized database system. The sensors may be Vehicle Detectors, CCTV cameras, Ice monitoring system, Congestion Monitors or other sensors. Every information from the sensors in given to the â€œBack Office Data Processing Facilityâ€ ... Transaction of Payments: Payments at Toll booths, parking payments, ticket fare of public transportation, charge for any congestion. Management of Traffic: Proper handling of traffic. As stated, ITS uses various applications; the possible wide range of applications are: Intermodal Transportation System Intelligent Traffic Control System In -Vehicle Technologies Safety Enhancement Technologies Traveler Advisory System 1) Intermodal Transportation System: It uses more than one mode of transport. Through this system, a traveler can change his mode of transfer easily. It is integrates different modes of transport such as trucks, trains and ships to ensure smooth trade operations. It is the movement of goods (in same unit where it was first placed) from one mode to other mode of transport without handling it. 2) Intelligent Traffic Control System: Most of the current systems have pre-determined timing circuits to operate traffic signals. Such systems are inefficient, if the volume of the vehicle is large at the crossing. This system would adjust itself with the flow of traffic, thus reducing the waiting time of drivers at traffic signals. 3) In- Vehicle Technologies: It is the implementation of electronic devices, controllers, and radio transreceivers in the vehicle. The information provided is updated every minute. It gives instantaneous information to the traveler about the best route. 4) Safety Enhancement Technologies: Safety Enhancement Technologies like smart cruise enables the driver to know the location of neighboring vehicles. This avoids any type of accidents on the road. 5) Traveler Advisory System: To provide the information through variable messages and advisory radio. Intelligent Transport System in Ireland: Ireland requires an intelligent
A tiny town in Connecticut. Is this setting of Among Friends by Caroline B. Cooney. The time of year is from the beginning of the school year, to the end of the school year. Â Â Â Â Â The main characters in this book are Jennie, Paul, Emily, Hillary, Jared, and Ansley. All the main characters are juniors in high school. Jennie is part of the awesome threesome. She always gets good grades on tests even if she doesnâ€™t study. People envy her for that. Paul is also know as Paul Classified because no one knows anything about him, they donâ€™t even know his middle name. Jennie likes Paul and she flirts with him all the time. Emily and Hillary are part of the awesome threesome too. Jared and Ansley are boyfriend and girlfriend. They both dislike Jennie because she is so popular and intelligent. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The conflict in this book is man vs. himself. Jennie has to decide whether she wants to stay part of the awesome threesome, or make a state record by winning the prize for the smartest kid in the state 2 years in a row like her parents want her to. Â Â Â Â Â This book starts out by the awesome threesome, Emily (also known as Em), Hillary, and Jennie skipping through the hallway with their arms linked tightly together. They have been best friends ever since they could remember. During the summer, Em and Hill went to Colorado to ski. Usually Jennie goes to, but this year she didnâ€™t. Em and Hill could feel Jennie slipping away from the awesome threesome. All Jennie did was flirt with Paul Smith. Jennie got chosen to represent the school in a test called Star Student. It is a test to see how smart you are. The one, who wins, will get ten thousand dollars and a medal. Jennie is so smart and perfect that Hillary and Em cant take it anymore and they start being very cruel to her. They ignore her and they do stuff without her. She gets very upset and she says the notebook she writes in is her only friend. She thinks no one likes. Â Â Â Â Â While she is at the star student contest, during the first test she runs out of the room. She never came back. People are very worried about her. Some people are saying itâ€™s because her parents pushed her too much, or because she was depressed, and some say she got murdered.